This video was made in collaboration with Anon chemist.
This video is dedicated to our brothers and sisters in Beirut.
BEIRUT EXPLOSION: Ammonium nitrate needs a catalyst mixed withe the ammonium nitrate and a starter f.e. a small explosion, fire or related to violently explode aka to cause a violent reaction.
I’m an old chemist. The videos are for educational purpose only. Do not do it at home. It’s dangerous and legislations apply! I’m not responsible for any abuse it may result.
The scope of this video is to question wether such a huge amount of ammonium nitrate explodes at once without a huge trigger event. The ammonium nitrate and fire only narrative is questionable.
Do your own research!
In my opinion it does not seem to be the case, the Beirut explosion was caused by thousands of tonnes of ammonium nitrate (NH₄NO₃) stored in a warehouse.
Very particular sets of circumstances are needed to turn ammonium nitrate from a stable compound into an explosive, without any fuel or external catalyst.
Ammonium nitrate is predominantly used in agriculture as a high-nitrogen fertiliser. It's relatively stable under most conditions and is inexpensive to manufacture, making the chemical a popular alternative to other, more expensive nitrogen sources.
It is also a key component of ANFO, (ammonium nitrate/fuel oil), an industrial explosive used in mining, quarrying, and civil construction and accounting for 80% of all the industrial explosives used in US.
By itself, ammonium nitrate is not regarded as particularly volatile or dangerous, but under certain conditions it can be deadly.
What makes ammonium nitrate explode?
Particular sets of circumstances are needed to turn ammonium nitrate from a stable compound into an explosive, without any fuel or external catalyst.
It is classified as an 'energetic material', one that produces heat as it decomposes, similar to the way heat is generated by rotting material in a compost heap.
If there is sufficient quantity of ammonium nitrate, it can generate enough heat to catch fire and keep the fire going, without the need for an external catalyst such as a flame.
As it burns, ammonium nitrate goes through chemical changes that lead to the production of oxygen, precisely what a fire needs to keep going and get bigger. As it heats up the chemical can fuse together, creating a seal or plug.
The space behind the plug keeps on being heated and gases form.
Hot gas expands, but, behind the plug, it has nowhere to go. Eventually, the gas will break through the seal and the force of that will trigger an explosion.
Ammonium nitrate is also the main component in many types of mining explosives, where it’s mixed with fuel oil and detonated by an explosive charge.
For an industrial ammonium nitrate disaster to occur, a lot needs to go wrong.
Ammonium nitrate does not burn on its own.
Instead, it acts as a source of oxygen that can accelerate the combustion (burning) of other materials.
For combustion to occur, oxygen must be present. Ammonium nitrate prills provide a much more concentrated supply of oxygen than the air around us. This is why it is effective in mining explosives, where it’s mixed with oil and other fuels.
At high enough temperatures, however, ammonium nitrate can violently decompose on its own. This process creates gases including nitrogen oxides and water vapour. It is this rapid release of gases that causes an explosion.
Ammonium nitrate decomposition can be set off if an explosion occurs where it’s stored, if there is an intense fire nearby.
It’s relatively difficult for a fire to trigger an ammonium nitrate explosion. The fire would need to be sustained and confined within the same area as the ammonium nitrate prills.
Also, the prills themselves are not fuel for the fire, so they would need to be contaminated with, or packaged in, some other combustible material.
A small hydrogen bomb can easily be fitted on a missile.
Do these explosions remind you the Beirut explosion? Does it more look like a hydrogen bomb (H2) explosion?
The ammonium nitrate is like the engine behind the explosion, but it also requires a detonator and fuel.
The first thing that happens during a ammonium nitrate bomb blast is the explosion of the detonator.
The energy of the detonation wave causes the ammonium nitrate to vaporise - becoming a gas in an instant. The ammonium and nitrate molecules break down, and a large amount of oxygen gas is suddenly formed.
The gas released from the decomposing fertiliser is what drives the explosion. The rapid release of oxygen, along with the energy from the detonation wave, ignites the fuel.
When the liquid fuel ignites, it rapidly combusts, and even more gas is released.
This ¿infrared video? makes much more sense than ammonium nitrate on its own. Yes NH₄NO₃ is an oxidising agent and explosive under the right conditions, it is also very stable.
Judge for yourself. Doctored video? Different location? Or #Beirut attacked?
When I draw my conclusions I found Veterans today website sharing my suspects.
Please do your research.
I wish You all the best.